Completed activities

  • We’ve analysed past climate variability and extremes to enhance our understanding of the underpinning climate drivers, and shed light on the extent to which these extreme events are influenced by human activities.

  • We’ve made significant steps towards developing a decadal forecasting system and capability to fill the critical gap between seasonal climate predictions and multi-decadal climate projections. We’ve also improved understanding of marine heat wave trends, causes, the influence of human activities and the predictability of ocean temperature extremes over multi-year to decadal timescales. 

  • We’ve used data collected from ocean monitoring (historical archives, Argo floats and research vessels) to improve understanding of past changes in ocean temperature and salinity. We also used this data to identify sources of bias in ocean heat update efficiency in climate models, as well as to examine the connection between ocean salinity changes and water balance over Australia.

  • We’ve improved confidence in projections, particularly rainfall projections; run targeted workshops, presentations and training to better identify user needs and help stakeholders access climate change information; and produced more targeted projection products for stakeholders to use in decision-making. 

  • We’ve worked with state and federal government and water managers to identify gaps in hydroclimate metrics and improve climate-water modelling, and have developed methods to deliver next generation projections of future water availability and hydrologic variables or metrics important to the water and related sectors.

  • We’ve examined historical extreme events and their causes to better understand how, when and where extreme weather events occur. We also assessed the ability of climate models to simulate extreme weather events, and investigated the causes of projected future changes in extremes. We engaged with stakeholders to ensure project products were used to inform management and policy activities.

  • We’ve developed models that we have used to assess the potential of revegetation and conservation activities in Australia to remove carbon from the atmosphere. We have also produce national and global carbon budget data products and have supported Australia’s contribution to the Global Carbon Project.

  • We’re improving our understanding of past sea level, storm surges and waves to develop projections for the future, so we can determine the physical impact these changes might have.

  • We’ve established the National Centre for Coasts and Climate to work with stakeholders to identify the best ways of addressing climate change impacts in Australian coastal ecosystems. We have investigated how coastal vegetated habitats store carbon, how coastal erosion is changing, and have trialled ecological engineering solutions to enhance coastal protection.

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