We’re improving our understanding of how the climate system may change in the future by:
- investigating how human activities will continue to influence the carbon cycle and change the chemistry and physical state of our oceans, atmosphere and terrestrial systems.
- improving understanding and simulation of Southern Hemisphere climate drivers in our climate models (especially ACCESS) to increase our confidence in projections of likely future climate change at multi-annual to multi-decadal time scales.
- improving our understanding of how climate variability (e.g. the El Niño–Southern Oscillation) and the frequency, intensity and extent of extreme events (e.g. tropical cyclones and droughts) may change in the future.
- further developing our ability to simulate and provide regional information on future climate, from years to decades.
- considering low likelihood but high impact consequences of climate change for Australia to improve risk management decisions.
- using improved climate projections and understanding of the drivers of climate to inform understanding of climate and coastal interactions.